This carved stone head represents St. Peter as a Pope, with the three-tiered papal crown and a large beard typical of St. Peter’s iconography. This medieval sculpture was created in the 15th century.
In Western art, St. Peter is depicted with a large curly beard, which makes him an immediately recognizable figure in religious works. This headgear first appeared in religious images in the 9th century, when papal headdresses began to take the form of a large white cap.
However, the appearance of multiple layers on this headdress did not begin until the 14th century. The Roman Catholic Church considers him to be the first bishop of Rome, which is why St. Peter is represented as such, to affirm his papal primacy.

Saint Peter as Pope – France – 15th century

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